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Pregnancy and folic acid supplementation

Folate is a water-soluble organic compound belonging to the B vitamin group which is, in general, essential for the synthesis of ribonucleic acid (RNA), DNA and other cell components. As pregnancy advances, a woman’s folate requirements increase to support fetal organogenesis and cellular growth, as well as supporting maternal cellular development. Natural folates are found in a variety of foods such as legumes, green leafy vegetables, nuts and certain fruits. However, folates are unstable and loss can occur, for example, with harvesting, cooking and increased temperature. Folic acid (FA) is the synthetic form and is chemically more stable. As FA…