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October 25, 2014

CVD: A Global Epidemic

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Cardiovascular diseases kill more people each year than any others. In 2004, 7.2 million people died of coronary heart disease, 5.7 million from stroke or another form of cerebrovascular disease (WHO statistics).

 

The 4 top causes of death (World Health Organisation, 2004 figures)

CBD: Cerebrovascular Diseases; CHD: Coronary Heart Diseases; LRTI: Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

  • In middle and high-income countries, CHD and strokes – the two top causes of death – are responsible for more than one quarter of all deaths. CHD still represent the second cause of deaths (close to one in 10 deaths) in low-income countries, lower respiratory infections being the primary cause.
  • While there is a decline in the burden of CVD in higher income regions, in middle and low-income countries where the majority of the world’s population resides the impact of CVD is increasing.

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