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November 26, 2014

Recent advances in prostate cancer therapy have greatly improved patient outcomes

Patients have a range of options available to them before and following chemotherapy, a meeting of European experts has heard. Michelle McDonagh reports.

‘Ageing well’ must be global priority

A major new series on health and ageing, published in The Lancet, has warned that unless health systems find effective strategies to address the problems faced by an ageing world population, the growing burden of chronic disease will greatly affect the quality of life of older people.

For those who have travelled so far

Continuing our CPD initiative on hypertension, Valerie Ryan looks at a presentation from Dr Eamon Dolan, Consultant Geriatrician at Connolly Hospital, examining hypertension in older patients.

Breakthrough trials and visionary registries

Prof Lars Wallentin has been a key figure in cardiology for more than three decades. During a recent visit to Ireland, he spoke to Dawn O’Shea about the introduction of new therapeutics and his role in creating Sweden’s national disease registry.

Uphill struggles: hypertension in obesity and diabetes

Continuing our CPD initiative on hypertension, Valerie Ryan looks at a presentation from Prof Donal O’Shea, Consultant in Endocrinology and Diabetes at St Columcille’s and SVUH, about the interaction between hypertension and type 2 diabetes and the need to tackle obesity.

Markers are being examined in large groups

Endocrine treatments are directed at patients who express the oestrogen receptor. In around 75 percent of breast cancers, oestrogen encourages them to grow. This type of breast cancer can be treated with drugs such as tamoxifen but many people develop resistance and see their breast cancer return.

Fewer patients will get chemotherapy treatment

There is a good chance that intermediate-risk breast cancer patients will not get chemotherapy in future, Gary Culliton reports in his latest Clinical Update. However, high-risk patients, who will benefit from chemotherapy, will get it.

Eczema may be risk factor for fractures and other bone injuries

Adults with eczema had a higher prevalence of fracture and bone or joint injury (FBJI), as well as other types of injury-causing limitations, in a nationally representative sample of patients with a history of the chronic inflammatory disorder that can cause skin itching and result in sleep disturbance.

Exposure to traffic pollution during pregnancy can lead to future damage of children’s lungs

Women who are exposed to traffic pollution while pregnant are increasing the chances of damaging the lungs of their unborn children, concludes a study published online in the journal Thorax.

C-sections linked with increase in cases of autism spectrum disorder

A new study led by a researcher from University College Cork has found that delivery by Caesarean section is associated with an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in childhood.

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