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April 26, 2015

Trends add to maternity challenges

Recent perinatal trends have added to the demands on maternity services nationally, Gary Culliton reports in his latest Clinical Update. The number of twin births has increased by 24 per cent in a decade and the number of mothers born outside Ireland rose by 27 per cent.

Domiciliary birth total continues slow decline

There were 162 domiciliary births in 2013, representing just 0.2 per cent of all births. In the National Perinatal Reporting System (NPRS), domiciliary births are defined as planned home births attended by an independent midwife and are not associated with a hospital.

Exposure to bleach may increase childhood infections

Passive exposure to bleach in the home is linked to higher rates of childhood respiratory and other infections, suggests research published online in Occupational & Environmental Medicine.

Half of school kids know someone with eating disorder

More than half of young people who took part in a national survey of Irish schoolchildren know someone who has an eating disorder, it has emerged.

Guidelines needed to control increasing use of ‘smart drugs’

Governments, the pharmaceutical industry, and national medical organisations need to work together to look at the harms and benefits of long-term use of cognitive-enhancing drugs by healthy individuals, say neuroscientists Prof Barbara Sahakian and Dr Sharon Morein-Zamir from the University of Cambridge in the UK, writing in a Personal View in The Lancet Psychiatry journal.

British election pledges ‘unrealistic’

As the general election in the UK approaches, experts writing in The BMJ have questioned whether the various party promises on access to general practice are likely to be achievable.

Apple a day may keep ‘pharmacist’ away

An apple a day won’t keep the doctor away, but it may mean you will use fewer prescription medications, according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

Weight reduction surgery can help improve overactive bladder symptoms

Carrying out weight reduction surgery can improve overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms in morbidly obese patients, a new study presented at the European Association of Urology (EAU) conference in Madrid has shown.

Air pollution linked to risk of anxiety and stroke

Air pollution is linked to a higher risk of stroke, particularly in developing countries, finds a study published in The BMJ this week. In a second article, new research also shows that air pollution is associated with anxiety.

Globorisk a world first for predicting CVD risk

For the first time, scientists have developed a new risk score that can predict the 10-year risk of developing heart disease or having a stroke in persons aged 40 years or older in any country.

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