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December 18, 2014

Full day in preschool better for development

Children who attended a full-day preschool programme had higher scores on measures of school readiness skills (language, math, socio-emotional development, and physical health), increased attendance, and reduced chronic absences compared to children who attended part-day preschool, according to a study in JAMA.

Internet use among the elderly ‘good for health’

Older people who are active internet users and who regularly indulge in culture may be better able to retain their health literacy, and therefore maintain good health, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health.

‘Lancet’ Commission on liver disease calls time on ‘postcode lottery’

Leading medical experts in the UK warned last week (November 27) that rising numbers of deaths from liver disease will be unavoidable without radical improvements in treatment and detection services, and tougher government policies to control the excessive alcohol use and obesity responsible for much of the burden of liver disease

The right path to renal denervation?

Valerie Ryan looks at a presentation from Dr David Lappin, Consultant Nephrologist at Galway University Hospitals, on whether renal denervation is appropriate for resistant hypertension.

Flares after several trouble-free years

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) occurs when something triggers an inflammatory response in the bowel. This is perpetuated by interaction with gut flora in genetically predisposed people, Gary Culliton reports in his latest Clinical Update.

Smoking early is linked to chronic period pain

Young teen smokers may run a heightened risk of developing chronic severe period pain, suggests research published online in the journal Tobacco Control.

Dementia carers’ brief helps to reduce anxiety

A brief coping strategies therapy that provides stress relief and emotional support for people caring for relatives with dementia can reduce depression and anxiety and improve well-being at no extra cost to standard care, new research published in The Lancet Psychiatry suggests.

Increase in mastectomies for early-stage cancer

Higher proportions of women eligible for breast conservation surgery (BCS) are undergoing mastectomy, breast reconstruction and bilateral mastectomy, with large increases seen in women with lymph node-negative and in situ disease, according to a report published online by JAMA Surgery.

Fast-food outlets are fuelling diabetes and obesity

How close you are to fast-food outlets may be linked to your risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity, a new study led by the University of Leicester has discovered.

Call for specialist centre for adult IF patients

With Our Lady’s Children’s Hospital, Crumlin, the paediatric specialist centre for children with intestinal failure, Lloyd Mudiwa examines the renewed calls for the establishment of a national specialist centre dedicated to the care of adults with IF.

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