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July 7, 2015

Hospitalisations of US children drop following rotavirus vaccine

Following implementation of rotavirus vaccination in 2006, all-cause acute gastroenteritis hospitalisation rates among US children younger than five years of age declined by 31 per cent – 55 per cent in each of the post-vaccine years from 2008 through 2012, according to a study in the June 9 issue of JAMA.

TCD study notes savings from early palliative care

Researchers at Trinity College Dublin and Mount Sinai in New York have published new research, which for the first time provides strong evidence on the economic benefits of early palliative care intervention for people with an advanced cancer diagnosis.

Internet access holds potential for silver surfers healthcare needs

Older people in The Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden and Norway are more than twice as likely to have access to the Internet when compared to Irish people, new research has found. However, Internet use in Ireland is increasing at similar rates to the rest of Europe, with resulting health benefits.

A breath of fresh air for halitosis

Dental surgeon Dr Danielle Colbert examines the origins and diagnosis of the various subtypes of halitosis, and the different treatments available.

Obese women should lose weight before pregnancy

A new review carried out by Trinity College Dublin and two other universities highlights that women with obesity should lose weight before they become pregnant, to avoid complications.

New resources needed for improvement

In his latest Clinical Update, Gary Culliton reports that the National Perinatal Epidemiology Centre (NPEC) picks up almost three times as many maternal deaths as the official statistics.

A time of ‘relatively high risk’ — taking stock of the numbers

Despite improvements in reducing perinatal mortality in recent decades, the perinatal period continues to be a time of relatively high risk, with stillbirths accounting for 63.5 per cent of perinatal deaths in 2013, reports Gary Culliton.

Aerobic exercise ‘will curb asthma severity’

Aerobic exercise seems to curb the severity of asthma symptoms and improves quality of life, a small study published online in the journal Thorax has found. It should be routinely added to the drug treatment of moderate to severe asthma.

Finnish study analyses ‘link’ between CNS drugs and increased risk of homicide

A study analysing the Finnish homicide and prescription drug databases discovered that the use of certain drugs that affect the central nervous system may be associated with an increased risk of committing a homicide.

Antidepressants in late pregnancy may increase PPHN risk

An analysis of approximately 3.8 million pregnancies has found that use of antidepressants late in pregnancy may be associated with an increased risk of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN), according to a study in the June 2 issue of JAMA.

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