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June 27, 2016

Novel protein target could help find dormant cancer stem cells

A novel protein target that could help identify cancer stem cells while they are dormant has been discovered by scientists at Trinity College, Dublin.

Childhood cancer survivors are at higher risk of autoimmune diseases

Childhood cancer survivors are at heightened risk of a wide range of autoimmune diseases, reveals research published online in the Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, with diabetes and Addison’s disease making up almost half of the excess cases.

Ultrasound can aid breast cancer screening

Adding ultrasound to standard mammography tests in breast screening could result in improved rates of detection for breast cancer in women in Japan, according to a new study published in The Lancet.

Gene linked to risk of bowel cancer recurrence

Scientists have discovered a new gene linked to an increased risk of bowel cancer recurrence and shortened survival, reveals research in the journal Gut.

Superlatives for cancer drugs are overused

The use of superlatives to describe cancer drugs in news articles as “breakthrough,” “revolutionary,” “miracle” or in other grandiose terms is common, even when drugs are not yet approved, have no clinical data or do not yet show overall survival benefits, according to an article in JAMA Oncology.

Use of laparoscopic resection is not supported

Among patients with stage II or III rectal cancer, the use of laparoscopic resection compared with open resection fails to meet the criterion for non-inferiority for pathologic outcomes, according to research published in JAMA.

CVD linked with shorter cancer survival

High circulating levels of cardiovascular hormones/peptides in cancer patients are linked to shorter survival, regardless of disease type and stage of progression, reveals research published online in the journal Heart.

GPs ‘ill-prepared’ for growing demand for cancer care

Leading primary care professionals and cancer experts warned at the Royal College of General Practitioners (RCGP) annual congress in Glasgow last weekend (October 1-3) that GPs will not be able to cope with the rising demand for cancer care in high-income countries — predicted to double within the next 15 years.

Alcohol use linked with increased risk of cancers and injury

A new study of alcohol use in countries of all income levels shows that current use increases the risk of alcohol-related cancers and injury, with no reduction in risk of mortality or cardiovascular disease overall.

Same technique throughout public system

In prostate brachytherapy, the radiation source is placed close to the tumour, Gary Culliton reports in his latest Clinical Update. In essence, brachytherapy is the oldest form of radiation treatment and the technique now used in Ireland was pioneered 40 years ago in the American north west. 

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