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October 30, 2014

Pharmacotherapeutic and psychotherapeutic addiction treatments

Dr Conor Farren writes that different treatment interventions can have a major part to play in addiction treatment, along with patient motivation. Addiction treatment, for alcoholism and for drug abuse, has traditionally been seen as moderately effective. The only influence on a patient’s outcome has been seen as their own motivation, with treatment success uninfluenced […]

Experts focus on sleep medicine

Sleep medicine is an area of huge public health and clinical significance, delegates attending the Cephalon Third Annual Sleep Disorder Symposium on Friday, February 27 were told. Welcoming attendants to the meeting in the Radisson SAS Hotel at Dublin Airport, Professor Walter McNicholas, Director of the Pulmonary and Sleep Disorders Unit at St Vincent’s Hospital […]

Back pain still a major problem

Dr Paul Sandys wonders just how much have we really progressed in the treatment and management of low back pain in the last 30 years. It has been over 30 years since the late orthopaedic surgeon Dr Alf Nachemson (world expert on low back pain and co-editor of Spine) authored the lead article in the […]

Brain circuit abnormalities may underlie bulimia nervosa in women

Women with bulimia nervosa appear to respond more impulsively during psychological testing than those without eating disorders, and brain scans show differences in areas responsible for regulating behaviour, according to a new report. Certain pathways between nerve cells known as frontostriatal circuits help individuals control their own voluntary behaviours, according to background information cited by […]

Obesity during pregnancy linked with risk of birth defects

An analysis of previously reported studies has found that women who are obese during pregnancy have an increased risk of delivering a child with such birth defects as spina bifida and neural tube defects, although the absolute increase in risk is likely to be small. Doctors conducted a review and meta-analysis of studies to assess […]

Gender dysphoria — a treatable condition in mainstream medicine

Sara-Jane Cromwell, CEO of Gender Identity Disorder Ireland, defines the condition of and treatments for gender identity disorder. Gender identity disorder (GID)/gender dysphoria is a little known but much misunderstood congenital intersex condition, which is clinically diagnosable and treatable. The growing body of evidence points to GID being neurobiological in nature and has nothing whatever […]

Depression in old age

Dr Stephen McWilliams looks at the reasons for depression in older people and why they are less likely to access mental health services. Opinions seem to differ on the virtues of old age. On his ninetieth birthday, William Somerset Maug-ham was reputed to have said, “I am sick of this way of life. The weariness […]

Half of prematurely born children need extra school help

Over half of children born extremely prematurely need extra educational support in mainstream schools, according to new research. In particular, they struggle with maths, the research found. Those findings followed an analysis of the cognitive ability and academic prowess of 219 eleven-year-old schoolchildren who had been born before 26 weeks in 1995 in the UK. […]

Bones of evidence present a picture of past lives

Ian McGee discusses how osteoarchaeology can provide an insight into diagnosing health and illness in our ancestors and how doctors and archaeologists are combining their skills to investigate the medical mysteries of the past. Disciplines within the study of both medicine and archaeology have shared a sporadic but consistently common path in the past 150 […]

Treating Barrett’s oesophagus

Prof Fergus Gleeson discusses the diagnosis and treatment of Barrett’s oesophagus and the need to adopt a candid approach when informing patients about the condition. Norman Rupert Barrett was born in Adelaide, South Australia in 1903. Educated at Eton, he graduated in Medicine from Cambridge and St Thomas’s Hospital, London in 1928. He subsequently worked […]

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