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October 30, 2014

Risk factors for eating disorders vary by gender

Risk factors for binge eating and purging may vary between boys and girls and by age group in girls, according to a new report. In the study, doctors analysed data from 1996 to 2003 in 6,916 girls and 5,618 boys to examine the association between such risk factors as frequent dieting, trying to look like […]

Availability of two options for repair of ruptured aneurysm can reduce mortality

Availability of two options for repair of ruptured aneurysm can reduce mortality. Having two options available for the repair of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms is associated with improvement in overall survival after surgery, according to a new report. Most patients with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms – which occur when a segment of the aorta enlarges […]

Weight gain can lead to kidney disease

Healthy individuals who gain weight, even to a weight still considered normal, are at risk for developing chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a new study which suggests that CKD should be added to the list of conditions that are associated with weight gain, including diabetes and hypertension. Research has shown that obesity is linked […]

Study links TZDs to adverse effects

A study has linked thiazolidinediones (TZDs), which are used to treat diabetes, to serious adverse effects. The use of insulin-sensitising thiazolidinediones (pioglitazone, rosiglitazone, and troglitazone) for one year or more was associated with a two- to threefold rise in the risk of hip and nonvertebral osteoporotic fractures in an observational study of nearly 67,000 diabetes […]

Ultrasonic instruments produce better results

Using ultrasonic surgical instruments is associated with more favourable outcomes when compared with convent-ional instruments for colorectal and gynaecological procedures, according to a new meta-analysis of previously published studies. In the analysis, doctors looked at studies published between 1990 and 2005 comparing ultrasonic to conventional surgical instruments. Their analysis included 51 studies involving 4,902 patients […]

IMB warns of risk of adverse reactions with rosiglitazone

The Irish Medicines Board is reminding healthcare professionals to note the precautions and contraindications when prescribing rosiglitazone. Avandia is a medicinal product authorised for use throughout the EU through the European licensing process for the treatment of type II diabetes. Its active substance, rosiglitazone, is also available in combination with metformin as Avandamet, and in […]

Infertility: a general practice perspective

Dr Nuala O’Farrell on the importance of treating couples attending with primary infertility in a thorough, timely and sensitive manner. Primary infertility can be a source of great pain and anguish and the consultation with the couple must be sensitively handled. Firstly, one must not assume that the couple are having regular sex. They may […]

Rate of hair loss can be rated by standard test

Performing a standardised 60-second hair count appears to be a reliable method for the assessment of hair shedding, according to a new study. In the study, doctors investigated hair loss in 60 healthy men without evidence of alopecia. All participants were given identical combs and instructions to wash hair with the same brand of shampoo […]

Vitamin D deficiency linked to heart attacks

Low levels of vitamin D appear to be associated with higher risk of myocardial in-farction in men, according to a new report. Doctors reviewed medical records and blood samples of 454 men who had non-fatal heart attack or fatal heart disease from the date of blood collection (between January 1993 and December 1995) until January […]

Awareness of PSP badly needed

Dr Angela Wilson writes that the lack of awareness about progressive supranuclear palsy amongst healthcare professionals is the reason why so many cases go undiagnosed. Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a fatal neurodegenerative disease that gradually robs people of their ability to walk, talk, eat, drink and see. Patients become trapped inside their own bodies […]

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