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March 29, 2015

Cochlear implantation can improve cognitive function in elderly patients

Cochlear implantation has been found to be associated with improved speech perception and cognitive function in adults 65 years or older with profound hearing loss, according to a report published online by JAMA Otolaryngology — Head & Neck Surgery.

Treatment improves storage function and symptoms of OAB

Mirabegron has been found to improve storage function and subjective symptoms, without influencing voiding function, in women with overactive bladder (OAB), new research has found. 

Window of opportunity is key for early inflammatory arthritis patients

Despite long waiting lists, early inflammatory arthritis patients will be seen quickly. It is important to identify these patients quickly so that they can promptly be seen by a specialist — ideally within six weeks, reports Gary Culliton.

From Dolly’s day to today

Valerie Ryan looks at the science and ethics behind cloning, its impact on industries as diverse as food and horse racing, and how Dolly’s origins lay in a chance conversation in a Dublin bar.

Significant improvements in COPD from pulmonary rehabilitation

The effectiveness of pulmonary rehabilitation for patients with chronic obstructive airways disease (COPD) has been confirmed in a new Cochrane Review led by a team from the School of Nursing and Midwifery at NUI Galway.

Cognitive dysfunction in major depression

The vast majority of people who experience major depression may also suffer from significant cognitive dysfunction, yet it often remains unrecognised and worryingly may even be mistaken for dementia in older people. June Shannon reports.

Healthy eating slows down mental decline

A comprehensive programme providing older people at risk of dementia with healthy eating guidance, exercise, brain training, and management of metabolic and vascular risk factors appears to slow down cognitive decline, according to the first ever randomised controlled trial of its kind, published in The Lancet.

Aneurysm screening in males should be revisited

Aneurysm screening for men over 65 should be revisited as it is unknown whether the benefits outweigh the harms, argue researchers in The BMJ.

Cost and health burden of eczema is significant — study

Adults with eczema had higher out-of-pocket healthcare costs, more lost workdays, poorer overall health, more healthcare utilisation and impaired access to care compared to adults without eczema, according to an article published online by JAMA Dermatology.

Drawing tests show cured patients do not feel cured

A simple drawing test could help doctors assess the psychological impact of the rare disease acromegaly, according to a new study published on Rare Disease Day 2015 (Feb 28) in the European Journal of Endocrinology.

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