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January 28, 2015

Integration ‘led to survival rise’

Breast cancer survival has improved as a result of screening, symptomatic detection and better treatment options, Gary Culliton reports in his latest Clinical Update. The volume of care now being delivered at cancer centres is substantial.

Nicotine metabolism may predict best way to quit

The success of different smoking cessation treatments could be predicted by how quickly smokers metabolise nicotine in their bodies, according to new research published in The Lancet Respiratory Medicine journal.

Trainee doctors still in the dark over anaphylaxis

UK trainee doctors seem to be no better at recognising and treating the potentially fatal allergic reaction known as anaphylaxis than they were 10 years ago, reveals a small study published in The Postgraduate Medical Journal.

Additional treatment helps recurrent myeloma

In patients with relapsed multiple myeloma, the addition of carfilzomib to lenalidomide and dexamethasone resulted in improved survival and had a favourable risk-benefit profile, new research in the New England Journal of Medicine has found.

Post-traumatic stress disorder increases risk of T2D for women

Women with the most symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) appear to have a nearly two-fold increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) compared to women not exposed to trauma, according to a study published online by JAMA Psychiatry.

Positive attributes in children linked to less psychopathology and disorder in later life

Children’s positive attributes — such as being affectionate, responsible or generous — are associated with significantly less psychopathology across time and may be a target for intervention, new research in the British Journal of Psychiatry has suggested.

Working more than 48 hours a week leads to more risky alcohol consumption

Employees who work more than 48 hours per week are more likely to engage in risky alcohol consumption than those who work standard weeks, finds a new study published in The BMJ.

Rear-view cameras have potential to cut child pedestrian deaths

Reversal alarms and rear-view cameras in cars are a relatively new tool but have the potential to make driveway reversing safer and cut pedestrian deaths in children, a new study in the Irish Medical Journal has suggested.

Pharmacists retain concerns over generic medicines

Irish pharmacists continue to demonstrate some reticence regarding generics, with 9 per cent believing that the drugs are not manufactured to the same quality as the originator, according to new research from the University of Limerick’s Graduate Entry Medical School (GEMS).

Renal denervation: update on a scientific debacle

Prof Eoin O’Brien, Adjunct Professor of Molecular Pharmacology at UCD’s Conway Institute, examines the state of play for the technique of RDN in the wake of varying studies.

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